四川农业大学学报

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贫困村灾后重建中农民精神文化需求分析------以四川“5.12”汶川地震受灾的10个贫困村为例

周岳,庄天慧   

  • 收稿日期:2012-01-06 出版日期:2012-09-20 发布日期:2012-09-25

The Analysis of Farmers' Spiritual and Cultural Demands in the Post-quake Reconstruction in the Impoverished Villages

  • Received:2012-01-06 Online:2012-09-20 Published:2012-09-25

摘要:

[目的]分析贫困村“5.12地震灾后重建中农民精神文化需求的特征及问题,并针对性地提出贫困村灾后精神文化建设的现实路径。[方法]实地调研四川省10个“5.12地震严重受灾的典型贫困村,整理相关问卷及访谈记录,并进行数据统计分析。[结果]随着灾后重建的完成,贫困村农民的精神文化需求逐渐强烈,表现为需求愿望由被动变为主动、形式由单一变为多样、内容倾向于农技培训、层次由民俗变为流行等特征。主要存在重建对农民的精神文化需求重视不够、投入不够,农民精神文化需求未能满足等问题。[结论]立足贫困村灾后重建中农民精神文化需求的新特点,应突出精神文化建设的重要位置,在充分尊重农民精神文化需求的基础上科学规划、加大投入、加强考核,鼓励社会参与,进一步完善贫困村公共文化服务体系,提高贫困村精神文化建设的针对性和实效性,加快推进城乡文化一体化发展。

Abstract:

[Objective] To analyze the characteristics and problems of the spiritual and cultural needs of the farmers in the reconstruction of "5.12 earthquake ", and put forward the realistic path towards the spiritual and cultural construction of the poor villages after earthquake . [Method] Field research in the 10 seriously damaged poor villages of Sichuan Province in "5.12" earthquake, finishing the questionnaire and interviews, and statistical analysis. [Results] With the completion of the reconstruction, the spiritual and cultural needs of the farmers in poor villages grew stronger, which changes from passive to active as for the desire, from single to variety as for the form, tending to agricultural training as for the content, etc. The main problems include inadequate attention, insufficient investment, and failure to meet the spiritual and cultural needs. [Conclusion] Based on the new features of the spiritual and cultural needs of the farmers in the poor villages, reconstruction should highlight the important position of the spiritual and cultural construction, in full respect for the spiritual and cultural needs of farmers on the basis of scientific planning, increase investment, strengthen the assessment and encourage community participation.  Furtherly improve public cultural service system, to increase the relevance and effectiveness of the spiritual and cultural construction in poor villages, and to accelerate the integrated development of urban and rural culture.