四川农业大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (01): 27-31.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2013.01.005

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

密度调控对油松人工林空间结构的影响

万丽, 刘昀东, 丁国栋, 高广磊, 梁文俊, 安云, 贺宇   

  1. 水土保持与荒漠化防治教育部重点实验室北京林业大学水土保持学院, 北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2012-11-15 出版日期:2013-03-31 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 丁国栋,博士,教授,主要研究方向为水土保持与荒漠化防治、森林健康,E-mail:dch1999@263.net。 E-mail:dch1999@263.net
  • 作者简介:万丽,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家林业局公益性行业科研项目"典型区域森林生态系统健康维护与经营技术研究"(200804022A)

Effects of Density Control on the Spatial Structure of Pinus tabulaeformis Plantation

WAN Li, LIU Yun-dong, DING Guo-dong, GAO Guang-lei, LIANG Wen-jun, AN Yun, HE Yu   

  1. Key Laboratory of Soil and Water Conservation and Combating Desertification, Ministry of Education, College of Soil and Water Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2012-11-15 Online:2013-03-31 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: [目的] 旨在探索密度调控对油松人工林空间结构的影响。[方法] 以实施间伐后6种保留密度下油松(Pinus tabulaeformis Carr.)人工林样地植被群落调查数据为基础,利用角尺度、混交度和大小比数来分析华北土石山区油松人工林空间结构。[结果] 研究区油松人工林林分混交度和角尺度随密度增大呈减小趋势,林分大小比数呈波动型变化趋势,但各密度油松人工林林分大小比数相差不大,分布较均匀,林木分化程度较高;油松人工林空间分布格局整体呈均匀分布,但随保留密度的减小向随机分布演替,保留密度最小的林分(540株/hm2)已经向异龄混交林发展。[结论] 密度调控使林分空间结构趋于优化合理状态,建议引进蒙古栎(Quercus mongolica Fisch.ex Ledeb.)等乡土树种,伐除角尺度较小林木来改变树种组成及竞争关系,以促进油松人工林演替。

关键词: 油松人工林, 间伐, 林分空间结构, 森林经营

Abstract: [Objective] The objective of the study was to explore the effects of density control on the spatial structure of Pinus tabulaeformis plantations.[Method] Based on the vegetation community investigation data of the six samples with reserve density of P. tabulaeformis plantation after thinning,the uniform angle index,mingling degrees and neighborhood comparison index were used to analyzed the spatial structure characteristics of P. tabulaeformis plantations in the rocky mountain area of Northern China.[Results] The results indicated that the mingling index and uniform angle index of P. tabulaeformis plantations decreased with the density increase.Neighborhood comparison of plantations with different density showed a fluctuating tendency with indistinctive differentiation and uniform distribution.The differentiation degree of plantations is higher.The plantations distributed uniformly as a whole,but transformed to random distribution pattern with the reserve density decrease.The minimum density (540 strains/hm2) had been in the succession process to uneven-aged and mixed forest.[Conclusion] Density control made the spatial structure optimized and reasonable.It was suggested that the succession of P. tabulaeformis plantations can be promoted by changing the species composition and competition relationship,such as instructing Quercus mongolica Fisch.ex Ledeb and other native species,removing the trees with smaller uniform angle index.

Key words: Pinus tabulaeformis plantation, density control, spatial structure, forest management

中图分类号: 

  • Q948