四川农业大学学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (4): 532-540.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2021.04.015

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丹江口水库入库河口土壤肥力综合评价

薛盈杉1, 雷俊山2,3,*   

  1. 1.中国地质大学(北京)信息工程学院,北京 100083;
    2.长江水资源保护科学研究所,武汉 430051;
    3.长江水利委员会湖库水源地面源污染生态调控重点实验室,武汉 430051
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-26 出版日期:2021-08-30 发布日期:2021-08-30
  • 通讯作者: *雷俊山,教授级高级工程师,主要从事水土保持、生态修复和农业面源污染控制方面的研究,E-mail:ljs_2008@sina.com。
  • 作者简介:薛盈杉,本科生。
  • 基金资助:
    水利部技术示范项目“丹江口库区水土保持与面源污染阻控技术示范”(SF-201708)

Comprehensive Evaluation of Soil Fertility in the Estuary of Danjiangkou Reservior

XUE Yingshan1, LEI Junshan2,3,*   

  1. 1. School of Information Engineering,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China;
    2. Changjiang Water Resources Protection Institute,Wuhan 430051,China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Ecological Regulation of Non-Point Source Pollution in Lake and Reservoir Water Sources,Changjiang Water Resources Commission,Wuhan 430051,China
  • Received:2020-04-26 Online:2021-08-30 Published:2021-08-30

摘要: 【目的】以青塘河入丹江口水库河口处作为研究区,将离散样点拟合为连续的空间分布,综合评价入库河口土壤肥力,以期改善植被,保护水源地生态环境和水质安全。【方法】利用主成分分析法、聚类分析法、普通Kriging插值法进行数据分析。【结果】土壤pH值平均7.14,变异系数4.99%,基本呈中性。速效磷变异系数高达86.51%,受人为因素影响较大。其余养分指标呈现中等强度变异,含量较稳定;土壤肥力大多集中在二级和三级肥力,分别占22.58%和58.06%,仅有19.36%的样点属于一级肥力。【结论】研究区土壤肥力整体处于中、低水平。土壤综合肥力从西北到东南呈上升趋势,与土壤酸碱度正相关,一级肥力集中在东南区域,面积占14%,二级和三级肥力分别占研究区面积的46%和40%。

关键词: 丹江口水库, 土壤肥力, 综合评价, 空间分布

Abstract: 【Objective】 The purpose of this study is to comprehensively evaluate the soil fertility taking the estuary of Qingtang River into Danjiangkou Reservoir is selected as the area studied by fitting the discrete local sample points into continuous spatial distribution, in order to provide the basis for differential improvement of vegetation, so as to protect the ecological environment and water quality safety of the water source. 【Method】 The method of principal component analysis, cluster analysis and Kriging interpolation were used. 【Result】 The results show that the average pH value of soil in the area studied was basically neutral which was 7.14. The coefficient of variation of pH value is only 4.99%, which indicates the stability of acidity and alkalinity. The coefficient of variation of available phosphorus was 86.51%, which indicates that available phosphorus was greatly affected by Human activities. In addition to the above, other indicators of the soil fertility were concentrated in the second grade which accounting for 22.58% and third grade which accounting for 58.06% respectively, and only 19.36% of the sample sites belonged to the first grade. In conclusion, the soil fertility in the area studied was in the middle and low level generally. 【Conclusion】 The comprehensive soil fertility in the area studied increased from northwest to Southeast, and was positively correlated with soil pH value. the first grade fertility was concentrated in the southeast area, accounting for 14%, and the second and third grade fertility accounted for 46% and 40% of the study area, respectively.

Key words: Danjiangkou Reservior, soil fertility, comprehensive evaluation, spatial distribution

中图分类号: 

  • S158