四川农业大学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (02): 205-212.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2020.02.012

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重庆金佛山鸟类区系调查

赵贵军, 刘嘉, 苗小猛, 曾德军, 竭航, 封孝兰, 张承露, 陈强*   

  1. 重庆市药物种植研究所,重庆 南川 408435
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-26 出版日期:2020-04-28 发布日期:2021-02-02
  • 作者简介:赵贵军,副研究员,主要从事药用动物研究。*责任作者:陈强,副研究员,主要从事药用动植物资源开发与利用技术研究,E-mail:apidae@126.com。
  • 基金资助:
    重庆市卫健委药用动物学重点学科建设与南川区自然保护地等重点区域陆生野生动物调查(NCZFCG-J2018137)

Investigation of Bird Fauna in Jinfo Mountain, Chongqing

ZHAO Guijun, LIU Jia, MIAO Xiaomeng, ZENG Dejun, JIE Hang, FENG Xiaolan, ZHANG Chenglu, CHEN Qiang*   

  1. Chongqing Institute of Medicinal Plant Cultivation,Nanchuan 408435,Chongqing,China
  • Received:2019-04-26 Online:2020-04-28 Published:2021-02-02

摘要: 【目的】进一步了解重庆金佛山自然保护区的鸟类组成。【方法】采用样线法于2014—2016年对本区鸟类进行了调查和研究。【结果】在金佛山地区共记录鸟类227种,分属16 目49科,并以雀形目为主体。繁殖鸟类(留鸟和夏候鸟)共计180种,占金佛山鸟类种数的79.29%。鸟类区系则为东洋种最多(60.79%),古北种次之(24.23%),广布种最少(14.98%)。从数量上看,留鸟是鸟类的构建主体。在不同生境中,鸟类多样性指数由高到低的排序依次为阔叶林﹥针叶林﹥竹林﹥草丛﹥灌丛,均匀度指数灌丛﹥针叶林﹥阔叶林﹥竹林﹥草丛,优势度指数灌丛﹥阔叶林﹥竹林﹥针叶林﹥草丛。不同生境鸟类群落间聚类看,针叶林与灌丛生境的鸟类群落结构最接近,与其他3种生境的差异较大。全年鸟金佛山鸟类群体中包含了黑鹳(Ciconia nigra)、金雕(Aquila chrysaetos)、四川山鹧鸪(Arborophilarufipectus)、红喉雉鹑(Tetraophasis obscurus)等30种珍稀鸟类,占比13.22%。【结论】本研究证明金佛山地区鸟类资源丰富,为该地生态系统的了解和保护提供了参考依据。

关键词: 重庆金佛山, 鸟类组成, 生物区划

Abstract: 【Objective】 This study was aimed to investigate the bird composition of Jinfo Mountain nature reserve in Chongqing. 【Method】 The line transect sampling method was applied from the year 2014 to 2016 in this area. 【Result】 227 species of birds belonging to 49 families,16 orders were recorded, and mainly Passeriformes. Moreover, there were 180 species (79.29% of total birds) of breeding birds including residents and summer migrants. The avifauna was the most Oriental species (60.79%), followed by the main Palaearctic species (24.23%) and the widespread species (14.98%). The resident birds were the dominant bird group in terms of bird abundance. In different habitats, the order of bird diversity index from high to low is broad-leaved forest>coniferous forest>bamboo forest>grassland>shrub, evenness index shrub>coniferous forest>broad-leaved forest>bamboo forest>grassland, dominance index shrub> broad-leaved forest>bamboo forest>coniferous forest>grassland. The bird community structure of coniferous forest and shrub habitats was the closest, and there were significant differences with other three habitats. Thirty species (13.22% of total birds)of rare birds in Jinfo Mountain, including Ciconia nigra, Aquila chrysaetos, Arborophilarufipectus and Tetraophasis obscurus. 【Conclusion】 This study proves that there are abundant bird resources in Jinfo Mountain area, further providing references for understanding and protecting the ecosystem in this area.

Key words: Jinfo Mountain, Chongqing, bird composition, biogeographical division

中图分类号: 

  • Q959.7