四川农业大学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (06): 860-867.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2019.06.016

• • 上一篇    下一篇

圈养蜂猴的行为谱及PAE编码系统

王钰1, 解萌2, 何鑫3, 孟祥云1, 张晨1, 高云霞4, 倪庆永1,*   

  1. 1.四川农业大学动物科技学院,成都 611130;
    2.四川农业大学生命科学学院,四川 雅安 625014;
    3.成都大熊猫繁育研究基地,成都 610081;
    4.个旧宝华公园,云南 个旧 661000
  • 收稿日期:2019-08-28 出版日期:2019-12-28 发布日期:2021-01-31
  • 作者简介:王钰,硕士研究生。*责任作者:倪庆永,副教授,主要从事动物生态学方面研究,E-mail:niqingyong@hotmail.com。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31501873)

The Behavior Ethogram and PAE Coding System of Captive Bengal Slow Lorises

WANG Yu1, XIE Meng2, HE Xin3, MENG Xiangyun1, ZHANG Chen1, GAO Yunxia4, NI Qingyong1,*   

  1. 1. College of Animal Sciences and Technology,Sichuan Agricultural University,Chengdu 611130,China;
    2. College of Life Sciences,Sichuan Agricultural University,Ya'an 625014,Sichuan,China;
    3. Chengdu Research Base of Giant Panda Breeding,Chengdu 610081,China;
    4. Gejiu Baohua Park,Gejiu 661000,Yunnan,China
  • Received:2019-08-28 Online:2019-12-28 Published:2021-01-31

摘要: 【目的】获得基于PAE编码系统的圈养蜂猴行为谱。【方法】2017年11月至2018年10月,在云南省红河州个旧宝华公园动物园、西双版纳州景洪市南肯河救护中心及普洱市思茅区太阳河救护中心安装具有夜视功能的监控摄像全时段记录蜂猴行为活动,采用目标取样法和瞬时扫描取样法进行统计,建立“姿势-动作-环境”(posture-act-environment,PAE)编码系统。【结果】分辨并记录了圈养蜂猴的16种姿势、89种动作及119种行为,并将所记录到的行为分别划归于取食、觅食、排遗、调温、异常、求偶、攻击、亲密、休息、运动、屈服和其他等12个类别中,获得了基于PAE编码系统的圈养蜂猴行为谱。【结论】蜂猴在圈养环境中,表现出较多的异常行为以及刻板行为,造成这种现象的主要原因可能是不合理的圈养环境、丰容设施及食物配给,需要在后续管理工作中加以调整改善。

关键词: 蜂猴, 行为谱, PAE编码系统, 圈养种群

Abstract: 【Objective】 The objective of this study was to obtain the behavioral ethogram and its PAE coding system of the captive slow lorises. 【Method】 Behavioral data of captive Bengal slow lorises were collected by infrared monitoring cameras from November 2017 to October 2018 in GejiuBaohua Park Zoo,Prefecture of Honghe, Jinghong Nan-ken-he Rescue Center, Prefecture of Xishuangbanna, and Simao Tai-yang-he Rescue Center, Pu'er, Yunnan province. We used focal animal sampling and instantaneous scanning method to quantify the data and code them to follow the "posture-act-environment" (PAE) coding system. 【Result】 A total of 16 postures, 89 acts and 119 behaviors were distinguished and described. Based on the ecological function of behaviors, all of the recorded behaviors were divided into 12 categories, including feeding, foraging, eliminate, thermo-regulatory, abnormal, courtship, aggressive,affiliative, resting, locomotive, submissive and miscellaneous behaviors. 【Conclusion】 We found higher frequency of abnormal and stereotypic behavior in captive slow lorises, which indicated that environmental and food enrichment were not well-designed.

Key words: Nycticebusbengalensis, ethogram, PAE coding system, captive populations

中图分类号: 

  • S722.3