四川农业大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (01): 6-13.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2016.01.002

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分蘖期水氮耦合对水稻常规种垦粳5号产量的影响

仲维君1, 张丽微1, 王龙1, 姜玉伟1, 赵婷婷1, 钱永德1, 潘世驹1, 黄成亮2   

  1. 1. 黑龙江八一农垦大学农学院、黑龙江省普通高校寒地作物栽培技术重点实验室, 黑龙江 大庆 163319;
    2. 黑龙江省农业科学院佳木斯分院, 黑龙江 佳木斯 154007
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-03 发布日期:2016-02-29
  • 通讯作者: 钱永德,教授,硕导,博士,主要进行水稻高产理论与生理基础研究,E-mail:byndqyd@163.com。 E-mail:byndqyd@163.com
  • 作者简介:仲维君,在读硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    黑龙江八一农垦大学学成、引进人才科研启动计划项目;黑龙江省重大科技招标项目(GA14B102-03);黑龙江农垦总局科技攻关项目(HNK125B-08-21A)

Effects of Water and Nitrogen Coupling on Yield of Rice Varieties Kenjing 5 in Tillering Stage

ZHONG Wei-jun1, ZHANG Li-wei1, WANG Long1, JIANG Yu-wei1, ZHAO Ting-ting1, QIAN Yong-de1, PAN Shi-ju1, HUANG Cheng-liang2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Crop Cultivation in Cold Area, College and University, HLJ Province, Heilongjiang Bayi Ag ricultural University, Daqing 163319, Heilongjiang, China;
    2. Jiamusi Branch of Heilongjiang Academy of Agri cultural Sciences, Jiamusi 154007, Heilongjiang, China
  • Received:2015-11-03 Published:2016-02-29

摘要: [目的] 研究分蘖期水、氮耦合对水稻产量及产量构成因素的影响,找出水稻高产的最适宜水、肥施用量,为实现水稻节水节肥的栽培制度提供参考。[方法] 采用完全随机设计,研究分蘖期5个不同的施氮水平和5个不同水分含量水平及它们的互作效应对垦粳5号杂交稻的农艺性状及产量的影响。[结果] 在水层3cm,施氮量51.75kg/hm2的处理下,垦粳5产量达到最高(7640.5kg/hm2)。[结论] 土壤水分含量与氮肥水平对水稻产量有显著的互作效应,在氮肥不足的条件下增施适量的氮肥有助于水稻产量提高;施氮量过多,则造成水分胁迫,不利于增产。

关键词: 分蘖期, 水肥耦合, 水稻, 产量

Abstract: [Objective] This test was aimed to study the effects of water and nitrogen coupling on rice yield and yield components in tillering stage, to find out the optimal water and fertilizer application rate for rice yield. In order to provide reference for the cultivation system of water and fertilizer saving. [Method] Study on the effects of 5 different nitrogen fertilizer and 5 different moisture content levels application amount of grain filling stage on the yield components and yield of kenjing 5 by using randomized block design. [Results] Under the layer 3 cm, N 51.75 kg/hm2, Kenjing 5 theoretical yield reached the highest(7640.5 kg/hm2). [Conclusion] The result showed that soil water content and nitrogen levels on rice yield had significant interaction effects, under the condition of nitrogen deficiency increases the amount of N fertilizer help to improve rice yield;Excessive nitrogen application, causing water stress, is not conducive to increase production.

Key words: tillering stage, water and fertilizer coupling, rice, yield

中图分类号: 

  • S511