四川农业大学学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (04): 394-397,404.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2006.04.005

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

丁香提取物对芒果炭疽病菌和香蕉枯萎病菌的抑制作用

何衍彪, 詹儒林, 赵艳龙   

  1. 中国热带农业科学院 南亚热带作物研究所, 广东 湛江 524091
  • 收稿日期:2006-09-01 出版日期:2006-12-31 发布日期:2017-03-06
  • 基金资助:
    中国热带农业科学院基金

Inhibtion Effects of Syzygium aromaticum(L.)Extracts against Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense

HE Yan-biao, ZHAN Ru-lin, ZHAO Yan-long   

  1. South Subtropic Crops Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Zhanjiang 524091, Guangdong, China
  • Received:2006-09-01 Online:2006-12-31 Published:2017-03-06

摘要: 初步研究了几种植物(中草药)乙醇提取物对芒果炭疽病菌(Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)抗药性菌株、敏感菌株和引起香蕉枯萎病的尖孢镰刀菌古巴专化型菌株(Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense)的抑制作用,同时对丁香[Syzygium aromaticum(L.)Merr. et Perry]不同溶剂提取物对芒果炭疽病菌抗药性菌株、香蕉枯萎病菌的抑制作用及丁香乙醇提取物对芒果炭疽病菌抗药性菌株、香蕉枯萎病菌的有效中浓度EC50进行了研究。离体检测结果表明,丁香等植物乙醇提物提取物对芒果炭疽病菌及香蕉枯萎病菌具有不同程度的抑制作用,芒果炭疽病抗药性菌株对供试植物提取物没有明显的抗药性。其中丁香、石菖蒲、花椒提取物抑菌作用尤为明显。丁香4种不同极性溶剂的提取物在1 mgDW/mL浓度下对芒果炭疽病菌及香蕉枯萎病菌相对抑制率达86%以上,说明丁香抑菌物质丰富。其乙醇提取物对芒果炭疽病菌及香蕉枯萎病菌有效中浓度EC50分别为0.40 mgDW/mL、0.54 mgDW/mL。

关键词: 丁香, 芒果炭疽病菌, 香蕉枯萎病菌, 抑制作用

Abstract: The inhibitory effect of extract from dry roots of Syzygium aromaticum(L.) on Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense has been found. It's efficient to control or reduce the damage of resistant C. gloeosporioides by botanical fungicide. Four different solves extracts of Syzygium aromaticum(L.) are efficient to control C. gloeosporioides and F. oxysporum and the EC50 are 0.40 mgDW/mL, 0.54 mgDW/mL respectively, far lower than others.

Key words: Syzygium aromaticum(L.), Colletotrichum gloeosporioides, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense, inhibtion effects

中图分类号: 

  • S436.67