四川农业大学学报 ›› 2003, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (02): 85-87.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2003.02.001

• 研究快报 •    下一篇

“协调型”小麦新品种川农17的高产纪录

任正隆1, 何祖才2, 张怀琼1, 谭飞泉1, 蒋华仁1   

  1. 1. 四川农业大学 植物遗传育种省级重点实验室, 四川 雅安 625014;
    2. 四川省种子工程技术研究所, 四川 成都 610066
  • 收稿日期:2003-06-26 出版日期:2003-06-30 发布日期:2017-03-06
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(30170579);四川省作物育种攻关计划资助项目。

A New Record on Wheat Yield in Chengdu Plain with the Consonance-type Cultivar Chuan-nong 17

REN Zheng-long1, HE Zu-cai2, ZHANG Huai-qiong1, TAN Fei-quan1, JIANG Hua-ren1   

  1. 1. State Key Labo ratory of Plant Genetics and Breeding, Sichuan Agricultural University, Sichuan, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China;
    2. Institute for Seed Engineering and Technique, Chengdu 610066, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2003-06-26 Online:2003-06-30 Published:2017-03-06

摘要: 2002~2003年在四川省彭山县示范种植了400多公顷川农17等协调型小麦新品种,普遍反映该新品种高抗条锈病、白粉病、中抗赤霉病,抗倒伏,穗数与穗重协调,成熟时仍保持了较多的绿色叶片,出现了较多的高产田块。经验收,实收产量最高的田块产量达9712.5kg/hm2,据记载,这是迄今成都平原上的小麦高产新纪录。高产栽培的基本经验是降低基本苗数量,施足底肥,适当追肥,抽穗后保持田间不干旱。

关键词: 小麦, 高产栽培, 新纪录

Abstract: Chengdu Plain is the most important agricultural region in the South west wheat zone of China.In the region winter is warmer and moister, and spring is more cloudy than that of other wheat zones in China.In the climate condition the yield level of the wheat was commonly lower than 5000 kg/ha.A record of the highest yield of wheat in Chengdu Plain was 7845 kg/ha, by using a wheat cultivar Miangyang 26 in 1995.A new wheat cultivar, Chuan nong 17(CN 17), which was developed in our experiment, displays a higher yield potential than other old cultivars in South west China.Compared with those old cultivars in South west China, this new cultivar CN 17 in cultivation of high yield possesses a tight plant type with significant more spike numbers per unit area, but with similar kernel weight per spike and smaller flag leaves.This cultivar was named as "consonance type".In this experiment the highest yield of wheat on record in Chengdu Plain was observed with 9712.5 kg/ha.by using the new cultivar CN 17 in this year.It was found that a lower sowing quantity(60 kg/ha.) was necessary in cultivation of high yield for more reasonable population structure, suitable leaf area index, and high quality of flag leaves.According to these results in this study a new process with precision sowing was designed for super high yield cultivation of wheat with "consonance type cultivars" in the area of South west China.

Key words: wheat breeding, cultivation, record on yield

中图分类号: 

  • S512.1