四川农业大学学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (02): 223-227.

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铜对紫花苜蓿草产量和矿质营养的影响

胡华锋1, 李建平1, 郭孝1, 介晓磊1, 马闯2, 鲁剑巍3   

  1. 1. 郑州牧业工程高等专科学校, 河南 郑州 450011;
    2. 河南农业大学, 河南 郑州 450002;
    3. 华中农业大学 资源与环境学院, 湖北 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2008-04-16 出版日期:2009-06-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 介晓磊(E-mail:jiexl@263.com) E-mail:jiexl@263.com
  • 基金资助:
    河南省杰出人才创新基金项目"优质牧草专用高效微肥的研制与开发"(0521001700);河南省重点科技攻关项目"多年生牧草专用缓释肥的研制与应用"(082102130014);国家公益性行业(农业)科研专项"绿肥作物生产与利用技术集成研究及示范"(200803029);河南省科技成果转化项目"牧草专用微肥的产业化生产与推广"(072201160003)

Effects of Cuprum(Cu) on Herbage Yield and Mineral Nutrition of Alfalfa

HU Hua-feng1, LI Jian-ping1, GUO Xiao1, JIE Xiao-lei1, MA Chuang2, LU Jian-wei3   

  1. 1. Zhengzhou College of Animal Husbandry Engineering, Zhengzhou 450011, China;
    2. Henan Agricultural University, Zhengzhou 450002, China;
    3. College of Resources and Environment, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan 430070, China
  • Received:2008-04-16 Online:2009-06-30 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: 采用叶面喷施的方法,研究不同水平铜对紫花苜蓿草产量和矿质营养的影响。结果表明:喷施铜能提高紫花苜蓿草产量;施铜200 mg/kg效果最好,草产量比CK显著提高1328.15 kg/hm2(P<0.05)。喷施铜肥显著促进了紫花苜蓿对铜、锌和磷的吸收,适量则能显著促进对铁、硼、硒、钙、钼、锰和钴的吸收。喷施铜肥显著降低了紫花苜蓿钙的含量;而未显著影响铁和硼的含量;适量则能显著提高硒、磷、铜、锰和锌的含量;过量则显著降低钴和钼的含量。紫花苜蓿钙、钴、钼、铁、硼、锰的含量和吸收量随施铜量增加而降低,硒、磷的含量和吸收量随施铜量增加呈先升后降趋势,铜的含量和吸收量随施铜量增加而升高,锌的吸收量随施铜量增加呈先升后降趋势,而含量却随施铜量增加而升高。

关键词: 紫花苜蓿, 铜, 矿质元素, 产量, 吸收, 含量

Abstract: Adopting the method of spraying leaf' surface, the experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of Cu on herbage yield and mineral nutrition of alfalfa. The results showed that spraying Cu could remarkably(P<0.05) increase the herbage yield of alfalfa. Among the 3 doses, the 200 mgCu/kg was the most effective, the herbage yields markedly increased by 1328.15 kg/hm2 compared with CK;it remarkably(P<0.05) increased the absorbtion of Cu, P and Zn;the appropriate spraying of Cu could remarkably(P<0.05) increase the absorbtion of Fe, B, Se, Ca, Mn, Co and Mo and remarkably(P<0.05) reduce Ca's content, but there was no significant impact on Fe and B's content after spraying Cu;appropriate spraying of Cu could remarkably(P<0.05) increase Se, P, Cu, Mn and Zn's content, but excessive spraying could remarkably(P<0.05) reduce Co and Mo's content. Moreover Mn, Ca, Fe, Se, Co, Mo, B's content and absorbing quantity of alfalfa decreased with the increasing application of Cu fertilizer, Se, P's content and absorbing quantity increased first and then decreased with the increasing application of Cu fertilizer. Cu's content and absorbing quantity of alfalfa increased with the increasing application of Cu fertilizer, Zn's absorbing quantity increased first and then decreased with the increasing application of Cu fertilizer, and its content increased with the increasing application of Cu fertilizer.

Key words: alfalfa (Medicaco sativa L.), Cu, mineral element, yield, absorb, content

中图分类号: 

  • S542+.9