四川农业大学学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (02): 162-166.

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氮肥运筹对免耕高留茬抛秧稻干物质积累、运转和分配的影响

任万军1, 伍菊仙1,2, 卢庭启1, 吴锦秀1, 杨文钰1, 彭虎3   

  1. 1. 四川农业大学 农学院, 四川 雅安 625014;
    2. 云南工业大麻股份有限公司, 云南 昆明 650217;
    3. 双流县科技局, 四川 双流 610200
  • 收稿日期:2009-02-27 出版日期:2009-06-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 杨文钰(E-mail:wenyu.yang@263.net) E-mail:wenyu.yang@263.net
  • 基金资助:
    四川省科技富民强县重点项目"丘区射洪县循环经济型现代农业科技集成研究与示范"(编号:07NG001-020);国家粮食丰产科技工程项目(2006BAD02A05)

Effects of Nitrogen Strategies on Dry Matter Accumulation, Transformation and Distribution of Broadcasted Rice among High Standing-stubbles under No-tillage Condition

REN Wan-jun1, WU Ju-xian1,2, LU Ting-qi1, WU Jing-xiu1, YANG Wen-yu1, PEN Hu3   

  1. 1. College of Agriculture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China;
    2. Yunnan Industrial hemp INC., Kunming 650217;
    3. Shuangliu Science and Technology bureau, Shuangliu 610200
  • Received:2009-02-27 Online:2009-06-30 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: 以"富优1号"为材料,通过大田试验设置不同施氮量和氮肥配比研究了氮肥运筹对免耕高留茬抛秧稻干物质积累、运转与分配的影响。结果表明,随着施氮量的增加,日产干物重和各生育时期的干物质积累量增大;干物质在叶片中的分配率随施氮量的增加而增加,而在茎鞘和穗中的分配率则随施氮量的增加而降低;干物质在叶片中的分配率以10:0:0和7:3:0的氮肥配比处理较7:0:3和4:3:3处理高,在穗中的分配率则是后两者较前两者高。

关键词: 水稻, 氮肥运筹, 干物质, 免耕, 抛秧, 秸秆还田

Abstract: The field experiment was conducted using hybrid combinations FuyouⅠ as material, and effects of different nitrogen levels(0, 75, 150, 225 kg/hm2) and dressing ratios(basic N:tiller N:and panicle N as 10:0:0, 7:3:0, 7:0:3 and 4:3:3) on dry matter production, transformation and distribution of broadcasted rice among high standing-stubbles under no-tillage condition were studied. The results showed that with the increasing of amount of nitrogen applied, amount of dry matter accumulated at every growth stage increased, and weight of dry matter per day also improved. With the increasing of amount of nitrogen applied, the percentage of dry matter distributed to leaf increased, that distributed to stem and panicle declined. As far as the percentage of dry matter distributed to leaf was concerned, the two assigning proportions which applying N as 10:0:0 and 7:3:0 was separately higher than the other two proportions which applying N as 7:0:3 and 4:3:3, but as far as the percentage of dry matter distributed to panicle was concerned, the trend was opposite.

Key words: rice, application of nitrogen fertilizer, dry matter, no-tillage, broadcasting seedlings, returning straw to soil

中图分类号: 

  • S511