四川农业大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (03): 358-364.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2013.03.022

• • 上一篇    

社会转型期“生态贫民”可持续生计问题研究

苏冰涛, 李松柏   

  1. 西北农林科技大学人文学院, 陕西 杨凌 712100
  • 收稿日期:2012-10-17 出版日期:2013-09-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 李松柏,副教授,硕士生导师,研究方向:农村社会学,人口社会学,E-mail:songbaili@hotmail.com。 E-mail:songbaili@hotmail.com
  • 作者简介:苏冰涛,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    陕西省软科学项目(2012KR2-11);西北农林科技大学人文社科基金项目(RW2X12)

Investigation on the Sustainable Livelihoods of Eco-poor during the Social Transformation

SU Bing-tao, LI Song-bai   

  1. The Humanities College of Northwest AF University, Yangling 712100, China
  • Received:2012-10-17 Online:2013-09-30 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: [目的] 分析目前"生态贫民"生计可持续发展现状及影响因素,探索有效实现"生态贫民"可持续生计发展的模式与途径。[方法] 利用问卷法对秦巴山区5个县的"生态贫民"生存现状进行调查。[结果] 现阶段"生态贫民"存在的主要问题在于经济收入水平低、可持续生计资本缺乏、环境问题显现并不断恶化、基本社会保障体制不健全。[结论] 为有效解决"生态贫民"可持续生计问题,建议突破传统反贫困与扶贫开发的基本模式,重点强化政府行政行为,充分发挥文化软实力的作用,改变传统社会保障模式,推动系统性机制与制度构建,实现"生态贫民"可持续生计发展。

关键词: 生态贫民, 可持续生计, 政策建议, 问题研究

Abstract: [Objective] Analyzing the sustainable development status of the eco-poor and the influence factors,and exploring the effective patterns and approaches to achieve the sustainable livelihoods development for the eco-poor.[Method] Questionnaire method was used to investigate the sustainable development status of the eco-poor living in five counties of Qingling-Mountain Area.[Results] At present,the main problems of the eco-poor are the low level of income,lack of sustainable livelihood capital,environmental problems,as well as the imperfection of basic social security system.[Conclusion] In order to solve the sustainable development problems of the ecopoor effectively,it is recommended to break through the basic model of the traditional anti-poverty and poverty alleviation,to focus on enhancing government administrative act,to give full play to the role of cultural soft power,and to promote systemic mechanism and system building by changing the mode of the traditional social security,finally to achieve eco-poor's sustainable livelihood development.

Key words: eco-poor, sustainable livelihoods, policy recommendations, problem research

中图分类号: 

  • C915