四川农业大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (03): 350-357.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2013.03.021

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不同区域农业投入要素转化效率的宏观比较与微观分析

王建华1,2, 吴林海1,2   

  1. 1. 江南大学江苏省食品安全研究基地;
    2. 商学院, 江苏 无锡 214122
  • 收稿日期:2013-02-28 出版日期:2013-09-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 作者简介:王建华,副教授,管理学博士,研究方向:食品安全管理与农业经济,E-mail:wiwth_99@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    基于不同类型农户生产经营行为的农产品安全生产模式研究(13YJA630087);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目:基于农产品安全视角的新型农业生产经营主体培育研究(13YJA790050)

Micro-analysis and Macros-comparison of Agricultural Input Conversion Efficiency in Different Regions

WANG jian-hua1,2, WU Ling-hai1,2   

  1. 1. Jiangsu food safety research center, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China;
    2. School of Business, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2013-02-28 Online:2013-09-30 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: [目的] 为有效化解由于农药、化肥的高残留而带来的农产品质量安全风险问题。[方法] 文章利用2000-2011年不同区域的5个省际面板数据,采用DEA-malmquist指数分析和微观调查相结合的方法,对这些省区农业生产中所投入的化肥和农药进行了效率分析。[结果] 研究结果表明,不同区域在农药和化肥的使用效率方面虽然呈现出比较好的效率状态,但在微观层面上,大多数农户的农药施用方式并不科学,这直接或间接地增加了农产品的安全风险。[结论] 文章提出了相应的对策,即建立健全公益性农业技术推广体系,加强对农村农药市场的规范管理,提升农户对农药的认知水平。

关键词: 农药施用行为, 要素转化效率, DEA-malmquist生产率指数, 农产品安全风险

Abstract: [Objective] The objective of this study was to effectively resolve the problem of agricultural product quality risk caused by high pesticide and chemical fertilizer residua.[Method] This paper made an efficiency analysis towards chemical fertilizers and pesticides in agricultural production among different provinces by using five provincial panel data of different regions from 2000 to2011 and adopting the method of DEA-malmquist index analysis and microscopic investigation.[Results] Research findings show that,in terms of pesticide and fertilizer application efficiency,different regions are in good efficiency state.However,at the micro level,the pesticides application methods of most farmer households are not scientific,which directly or indirectly,increase agricultural product safety risks.[Conclusion] Therefore,this paper proposed to establish and perfect public agricultural technology extension system,make efforts to standardize the management of rural pesticide market,as well as enhance farmer households' cognition level toward pesticide.

Key words: pesticide application behavior, element conversion efficiency, DEA-malmquist productivity index, agricultural product safety risks

中图分类号: 

  • F325.15