四川农业大学学报 ›› 2013, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (02): 226-232.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2013.02.022

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不同收入水平的农户家庭收入研究——基于中国家庭住户收入调查数据的实证研究

明辉   

  1. 四川农业大学经济管理学院, 四川 温江 611130
  • 收稿日期:2013-01-18 出版日期:2013-06-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 作者简介:明辉,硕士,讲师,研究方向:技术经济及管理,计量经济分析,E-mail:mhmd5555@gmail.com。
  • 基金资助:
    四川省农村发展研究中心课题(CR1107)

The Study on the Rural Household Income of Different Levels: An Empirical Research Based on the Survey Data of Chinese Household Income

MING Hui   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang 611130, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2013-01-18 Online:2013-06-30 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: [目的] 为探索不同收入水平的农户家庭收入变动特征以及家庭经营收入的决定因素。[方法] 首先利用中国家庭住户收入调查(CHIP)的微观数据,构建转换矩阵,计算收入阶层向上/向下流动比率,分析出我国农户纯收入的动态演变规律,发现农户家庭收入有弱质化的特征。接下来采用分段回归方法,筛选不同收入层次的农户家庭经营收入的主要决定因素,构建计量经济模型,分析它们的弹性值大小,并结合这些因素的平均拥有水平,探讨促使该层次农户家庭增收的措施。[结果] 不同层次的农户家庭经营收入决定因素和决定因素的弹性值有较大的差别,不同层次的农户家庭增收的途径不同:对于中低收入农户家庭,应增加其土地使用面积和家庭经营费用支出;对于高收入农户家庭,应进一步扩大其经营的规模。[结论] 应采用不同的措施,促进不同收入水平的农户增收。

关键词: CHIP, 转换矩阵, 分段回归, 不同收入水平

Abstract: [Objective] Searching the alternative characteristics of rural household income and the critical factors of income from household business operation based on different income level.[Method] By using the microcosmic data of Chinese Household Income Project and constructing the transition matrix,calculating the upwardly and downwardly flowing ratio of income class,the paper have analysised the dynamic evolution of rural net income in our country and found that the rural household income has a characteristic of weakness.Then selected the critical factors of income from household business operation on different level,constructed the econometric model,analysised elasticity and discussed measures of how to improve the income of rural household.[Results] There is a great difference of the critical factors about the income from household business operation and its elasticity between different levels,the different levels have different measures to improve income:the middle-low income class should increase the area of land use and the amount of household operation inputs,while the high-income class should expand their operation scale.[Conclusion] It should be take different measures to improve the income of different levels.

Key words: CHIP, transformation matrix, piecewise regression, different income levels

中图分类号: 

  • F326