四川农业大学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (03): 287-292.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2012.03.005

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旅游干扰对太姥山风景名胜区植物群落的影响

廖小娟1, 卞莉莉1, 何东进1, 张典铨2, 王韧2, 游巍斌1, 游惠明1, 朱乃新1   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学, 福州 350002;
    2. 福鼎市林业局, 福建 福鼎 355200
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-25 出版日期:2012-09-30 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 作者简介:廖小娟,在读硕士生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(30870435);中国博士后科学基金项目(20060390182)

Impacts of Tourism Disturbance on Plant Community of Taimu Mountain Scenery District

LIAO Xiao-juan1, BIAN Li-li1, HE Dong-jin1, ZHANG Dian-quan2, WANG Ren2, YOU Wei-bin1, YOU Hui-ming1, ZHU Nai-xin1   

  1. 1. Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China;
    2. Fuding Forestry Administration, Fuding 355200, Fujian, China
  • Received:2012-04-25 Online:2012-09-30 Published:2017-02-28
  • Contact: 何东进,教授、博士生导师,主要从事森林生态学与景观生态学,E-mail:fjhdj1009@126.com。 E-mail:fjhdj1009@126.com

摘要: [目的] 通过对太姥山风景名胜区不同距离带上植物群落特征进行分析,揭示旅游干扰对研究区植物群落的影响规律。[方法] 用敏感水平、群落景观重要值、物种多样性信息指数和旅游影响系数等综合指标,分析旅游干扰对研究区植物落景观的影响特征。[结果] 不同距离带上各植被层的敏感水平基本上是近景区 > 中景区 > 远景区,说明近景区游览频率高;群落景观重要值差异显著,基本上呈现出中 > 远 > 近的变化趋势,说明中景区植被群落的旅游价值大,生态环境质量好于近景区。水平距离与信息指数存在密切联系,距游径的水平距离愈近,信息指数愈小,随着距离的增加,信息指数增大。根据旅游影响系数评价分级可知,整个风景区管理水平呈良级。[结论] 结果阐明了旅游干扰对太姥山风景名胜区植物群落的影响,进而为景区的优化管理提供理论和决策依据。

关键词: 干扰, 旅游影响, 群落, 景观重要值, 太姥山风景名胜区

Abstract: [Objective] In order to understand the impacts of tourism disturbance on plant community in Taimu mountain scenery district, the characteristics of plant community were analyzed in different distances from tourist routes. [Method]:Several indicators including sensitive level, community landscape importance value, information index of species diversity and tourism impacting index were investigated and calculated to survey the effects of tourism disturbance intensity on plant community. [Results]:The sensitive level in each vegetation layer at different distances from tourist path showed the same order as, close > middle > distant, indicating that the tour frequency is significantly high nearby scenic spots. However, the importance value of community landscape showed the order as middle > close > distant, which suggested that the middle distance had higher tourist value and good environment quality. The closely relationship was observed between Level distance and information index. The nearer the distance from tourist routes is, the smaller the information index could be. According to the tourism influence coefficient evaluation classification, the management level of the scenic area could be evaluated in the good level. [Conclusion]:Theses results could provide useful scientific data for managing the scenery district.

Key words: disturbance, tourism impact, plant community, landscape importance value, Taimu mountain scenery district

中图分类号: 

  • S718.5