四川农业大学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (04): 512-517.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2011.04.013

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西部原油成品油管道工程古浪段水土流失监测与治理措施初探

马晓燕1, 邸利1, 傅志娥2, 胡晓红3, 黄海霞4, 梁倍4, 侯涛5   

  1. 1. 甘肃农业大学资源与环境学院, 兰州 730070;
    2. 甘肃省武威市水土保持工作站, 甘肃 武威 733000;
    3. 天祝县水土保持工作站, 甘肃 天祝 733015;
    4. 甘肃农业大学林学院, 兰州 730070;
    5. 华能碌曲水电开发有限公司, 兰州 730070
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-17 出版日期:2011-12-31 发布日期:2017-04-12
  • 通讯作者: 邸利,教授,硕士研究生导师,主要研究水土保持与荒漠化防治,E-mail:dili@gsau.edu.cn。 E-mail:dili@gsau.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:马晓燕,硕士研究生,主要从事水土保持研究,E-mail:shuiruyan.love@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省国际科技合作计划项目(2009GS03088)

On Monitoring and Controlling Measures for Soil Erosion and Water Loss of West Crude Oil Pipeline Project in Gulang Section

MA Xiao-yan1, DI Li1, FU Zhi-e2, HU Xiao-hong3, HUANG Hai-xia4, LIANG Bei4, HOU Tao5   

  1. 1. College of Resources and Environment Sciences, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    2. Soil and Water Conservation Workstations of Wuwei City, Wuwei 733000, Gansu, China;
    3. Soil and Water Conservation Workstations of Tianzhu County, Tianzhu 733015, Gansu, China;
    4. College of Forestry, Gansu Agricultural University, Lanzhou 730070, China;
    5. Huaneng Luqu Hydropower Development Co. Ltd., Lanzhou 730070, China
  • Received:2011-11-17 Online:2011-12-31 Published:2017-04-12

摘要: 在实地调查的基础上,采用标桩法对2006年西部原油成品油管道工程在古浪段造成的水土流失情况进行监测与分析,结果表明:该地区侵蚀类型以风蚀为主,土壤侵蚀模数在2 500~5 000t/(km2·a)之间,侵蚀程度为中度。在治理措施上,建议布设削坡和重力式挡墙中的片石垛,并辅助以明渠式引水、防渗和条状护坡等工程措施;同时选择白榆(Ulmus pumila)、柠条(Caragana korshinkii)、扁穗冰草(Agropyron cristatum)和苦豆子(Sophora alo-pecuroides)等根系发达适应性强的树种草种稳固边坡,防止由于工程所造成的新的水土流失。

关键词: 原油管道工程, 水土流失监测, 治理措施

Abstract: Based on the field survey, the Soil Erosion situation caused by Western Crude Oil Pipeline Engineering in the section of Gulang from 2005 to 2007 was monitored and analyzed by using the standard stake method.The results show that this region is typical of wind erosion, the modulus of soil erosion is between 2 500 and 5 000 t/km2, and the degree of erosion is moderate.Some controlling measures are suggested, including engineering measures for protection, such as laying out rubble mound which is one type of gravity retaining wall and cutting slope aided by open type water diversion, seepage control measures, strip of slope protection and so on. Meanwhile, Ulmus pumila, Caragana korshinkii Kom., Agropyron cristatum L.and Sophora alopecuroides Linn and other trees, which have the developed root system and strong adaptability to steady slope, are chosen to prevent the new soil erosion along with the project.

Key words: Crude Oil Pipeline Project, soil erosion monitoring, controlling measures

中图分类号: 

  • S157.2