四川农业大学学报 ›› 2011, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (03): 334-341.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1000-2650.2011.03.008

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5个引进茶树良种在四川茶区的名优绿茶生产特性

李品武, 吴永胜, 杜晓, 单虹丽, 杨华, 唐茜   

  1. 四川农业大学茶业科学与工程省级重点实验室, 四川 雅安 625014
  • 收稿日期:2010-05-28 出版日期:2011-09-30 发布日期:2017-04-12
  • 通讯作者: 唐茜(E-mail:tangqi2008@126.com) E-mail:tangqi2008@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家茶叶产业技术体系项目

Productive Characteristics of Famous Green Tea of 5 Introduced Tea Plant Cultivars in West Sichuan Province

LI Pin-wu, WU Yong-sheng, DU Xiao, SHAN Hong-li, YANG Hua, TANG Qian   

  1. Tea Science and Engineering Key Lab of Sichuan Province, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2010-05-28 Online:2011-09-30 Published:2017-04-12

摘要: 对从浙江茶区引入川西茶区的5个茶树良种进行了营养芽物候期、芽叶性状、春季名优茶产量、主要生化成分以及名优茶品质等的研究和鉴定。结果表明:5个引进品种具有萌芽早和新梢芽叶性状较优的特性,所制名优茶的氨基酸总量和17种游离氨基酸含量以及茶氨酸、谷氨酸等的含量均显著高于四川主栽品种"福选9号"(CK2),且各品种的儿茶素品质指数也明显高于"福选9号"和"福鼎大白茶"(CK1),茶多酚含量较低或适中(18.26%~25.04%),氨基酸含量较高(3.29%~3.91%),酚氨比较低(5.04~7.47),为名优茶优良品质的形成奠定了良好的物质基础。经综合评价认为:"劲峰"和"乌牛早"2个品种生产名优茶产量高且品质优,均适宜在四川茶区推广;"浙农117"生产名优茶产量超过"福鼎大白茶",制茶品质与"福鼎大白茶"相当,也可适当引进;"迎霜"和"龙井长叶"所制名优茶品质优异,但发芽期比"福鼎大白茶"迟,可作为调节采摘期和名优茶品质的良种适当引进,搭配种植。

关键词: 茶树, 引进品种, 生产特性

Abstract: In West Sichuan province,the characteristics of new buds,fresh leaves,main biochemical components and productive character of 5 tea plant cultivars("Yingshuang","Zhenong 117","Long leaf Longjing","Jinfeng",and "Wuniuzao") introduced from Zenjiang province and Fujian province,were studied.The results showed that:compared with two native popular cultivars of "Fudingdabaicha"(CK1) and "Fuxian9"(CK2),the introduced cultivars had excellent characters of new buds and adaptive main biochemical components such as higher content of catechu,total amino acid(3.29%-3.91%) and its components,moderate content of tea polyphenol(18.26%-25.04%),lower content of polyphenol and amino acid(5.04-7.47).Thanks to their high outputs and good qualities,"Wuniuzao" and "Long leaf Longjing" could be extended in Sichuan province.Compared with "Fuding","Zhenong 117" could be extended to some extent for its higher output but the same quality.As late sprouting cultivars,"Yingshuang" and "Jinfeng" could be cultivated with other cultivars to regulate the tea bud gathering time and quality of good famous tea.

Key words: tea plant, introduced cultivars, productive characteristics

中图分类号: 

  • S571.1