四川农业大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (04): 414-419,425.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2016.04.004

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天宝岩国家级自然保护区4种泥炭沼泽湿地持水特性

简立燕1, 肖石红1, 张中瑞1, 何东进1, 洪伟1, 刘进山2, 蔡昌棠2   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学林学院, 福州 350002;
    2. 永安天宝岩国家级自然保护区, 福建 永安 366032
  • 收稿日期:2016-07-07 出版日期:2016-12-31 发布日期:2017-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 何东进,教授,博士生导师,主要从事森林生态学与景观生态学研究,E-mail:fjhdj1009@126.com。 E-mail:fjhdj1009@126.com
  • 作者简介:简立燕,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金项目(31370624);国家教育部博士科学点基金项目(20103515110005)

Water-holding Capacity of Four Different Types of Sphagnum Wetlands in the Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve

JIAN Li-yan1, XIAO Shi-hong1, ZHANG Zhong-rui1, HE Dong-jin1, HONG Wei1, LIU Jin-shan2, CAI Chang-tang2   

  1. 1. College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China;
    2. Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve, Yong'an 366032, Fujian, China
  • Received:2016-07-07 Online:2016-12-31 Published:2017-02-15

摘要: [目的] 探讨天宝岩国家级自然保护区垂穗石松类型、水竹类型、灯芯草类型和泥炭藓类型等4种泥炭沼泽湿地的土壤层持水能力、苔藓层持水能力和吸水速率,为泥炭藓沼泽资源的保护和利用提供一定的理论依据。[方法] 采集研究区4种类型泥炭沼泽0~20 cm土壤和苔藓枯落物层带回室内,测定土壤物理性质、持水特性和苔藓枯落物层持水特性等。[结果] 4种类型泥炭沼泽土壤容重依次为:垂穗石松类型 > 泥炭藓类型 > 水竹类型 > 灯芯草类型,土壤总孔隙度依次为:水竹类型 > 泥炭藓类型 > 灯芯草类型 > 垂穗石松类型,土壤贮水量依次为:水竹类型 > 泥炭藓类型 > 垂穗石松类型 > 灯芯草类型。4种泥炭沼泽苔藓枯落物层持水量与浸泡时间呈明显的对数函数关系,吸水速率与浸泡时间呈明显的幂函数关系。4种类型泥炭沼泽苔藓枯落物层自然持水量、自然持水率、最大持水量和最大持水率分别为5.5~16.1 t/hm2,31.8%~47.2%,20.1~198.4 t/hm2,330.0%~805.5%。[结论] 综合比较4种类型泥炭沼泽的持水性能,泥炭藓类型持水能力较好,能够很好地涵养水源。

关键词: 天宝岩国家级自然保护区, 泥炭沼泽, 苔藓枯落物层, 持水特性

Abstract: [Objective] The aim of the study was to clarify the water-holding capacity of soils and litters of 4 different Sphagnum wetlands(Palhinhaea cernua, Pllostachys heteroclada, Juncus effuses and Sphagnum magellanicum) in the Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve in Fujian Province and to provide theoretical basis for protection and utilization of Sphagnum wetlands in the area. [Methods] Four different types of Sphagnum wetlands were used in this study. Soil and litter samples were collected to measure soil chemical properties, water-holding capacity characteristics. [Results] The soil bulk density of the 4 types of Sphagnum wetlands followed an order of P. cernua > S. magellanicum > P. heteroclada > J. effuses. The total porosity of soil was in the order of P. heteroclada > S. magellanicum > J. effuses > P. cernua. The soil water storage was followed the pattern of P. heteroclada > S. magellanicum > P. cernua > J. effuses. Litter water-holding capacity had a visible logarithmic correlation with immersion time and there existed a significant function relationship between water absorption rate and immersion time. The natural waterholding capacity, natural water-holding rate, maxima water-holding capacity, maxima water-holding rate of litter were 5.5~16.1 t/hm2, 31.8%~47.2%, 20.1~198.4 t/hm2 and 330.0%~805.5%, respectively. [Conclusion] The comprehensive analysis of water-holding capacity of 4 different types of Sphagnum wetlands indicated that S. magellanicum type has a relatively high water-holding capacity and is more beneficial to water conservation.

Key words: Tianbaoyan National Nature Reserve, Sphagnum wetlands, litter layer, water-holdingcapacity

中图分类号: 

  • Q948.1