四川农业大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (03): 391-396.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2016.03.022

• • 上一篇    

西南贫困地区农户生产决策行为——理论构建与实证分析

李福夺, 傅汇艺, 毕晓易, 田建飞, 杨兴洪   

  1. 贵州大学管理学院, 贵阳 550025
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-04 出版日期:2016-09-30 发布日期:2017-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 杨兴洪,博士研究生,教授,主要从事农业经济理论与政策、农业保险等研究,E-mail:18366622500@163.com。 E-mail:18366622500@163.com
  • 作者简介:李福夺,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    贵州大学人文社科重点特色学科重大项目(GDZT12007);贵州省人文社会科学重点研究基地喀斯特地区发展战略研究中心2015-2016年学生项目(Karst2016S08)

The Decision-making Behavior of Peasant Household Production of Poverty-stricken Area in Southwest China: Theory Building and Empirical Analysis

LI Fu-duo, FU Hui-yi, BI Xiao-yi, TIAN Jian-fei, YANG Xing-hong   

  1. School of Management, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
  • Received:2016-05-04 Online:2016-09-30 Published:2017-02-15

摘要: [目的] 研究我国西南贫困地区农户的生产决策行为。[方法] 建立了一个面临产出和价格双重风险、既生产又消费粮食的农户生产决策模型,将消费因素引入生产决策行为分析,并以贵州黔南布依族苗族自治州为例,运用该模型对具有典型特征的我国西南贫困地区农户玉米和稻谷两种粮食作物的生产决策行为进行了研究。[结果] 得到以下研究结果:一是农户的消费考虑在生产决策中具有重要作用,消费对生产的影响并不是由于相对价格的变化所做出的对期望消费改变的调整,而更多的是由于风险厌恶;二是随人口密度提高,稻谷播种面积会有所收缩,而玉米播种面积则会越来越多,说明贫困地区越穷农户越趋向于消费更多的玉米;三是该地最主要的粮食作物——稻谷种植面积决策对其他相关作物的利润都有较强的反应,玉米生产决策对利润因素反应不大,但对风险反应却十分明显,这说明贫困地区玉米在稳定消费方面发挥着重要作用。[结论] 贫困地区半封闭市场所导致的自给自足的农业形态使农户在那些因减小其面临的生产风险而制定的稳定稻谷、玉米价格和商品化政策中可以攫取更大的利益。

关键词: 农户, 生产决策模型, 粮食消费, 价格风险, 西南民族地区

Abstract: [Objective] The objective of the study was to study the farmer's production decision-making behavior in poverty-stricken area in southwest China. [Methods] This paper established a production decision model both facing output risks and price risks and leading consumption factors into decision-making behavior analysis. Guizhou buyi and miao autonomous prefecture were taken as an example, the farmer's decision-making behavior of corn and rice was analyzed by this model in southwest China. [Results] First, the consumption considerable of farmers played an important role in the production decision. The consumption influence on production is not due to changes in relative prices made adjustments to expect consumption change, but is mainly due to the risk aversion. Second, along with the increase of population density, rice planting area declined, and was larger than the corn planting area. The more poor farmers, the poor areas tend to consume more corn. Third, the main food crops-rice planting area of decision making for other related crops profits have the strong reaction, corn production decision factor response for profit was not big, but for risk response obviously, indicating that poor areas corn played an important role in stabilizing consumer spending. [Conclusions] The self-sufficient agriculture pattern caused by semi-closed market in the poverty-stricken areas enable farmers to grab a bigger profits in commercial policy.

Key words: household, production decision model, food consumption, price risk, poverty-stricken area in southwest China

中图分类号: 

  • F321