四川农业大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (01): 115-120.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2016.01.021

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四川藏区基本公共服务对减贫的影响作用分析

兰昊骋1, 杨帆2   

  1. 1. 成都市地税局, 成都 610000;
    2. 四川农业大学管理学院, 四川 温江 611130
  • 收稿日期:2016-03-09 发布日期:2016-02-29
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金(14XMZ006);四川省社会科学高水平研究团队"农村精准扶贫创新研究团队(2015-2017)"计划项目

Empirical Analysis on Basic Public Services to Promote Poverty Alleviation in Tibetan Areas in Sichuan Province

LAN Hao-cheng1, YANG Fan2   

  1. 1. Bureau of Local Tax of Chengdu City, Chengdu 610000, China;
    2. College of Economics, Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang 611130, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2016-03-09 Published:2016-02-29

摘要: [目的] 分析四川藏区基本公共服务对减贫的影响作用,为发挥基本公共服务在藏区减贫中的作用提供对策建议。[方法] 从提升贫困人口发展能力和增加贫困区域发展机会两个维度,构建区域基本公共服务水平评价指标体系,运用熵值法测算四川藏区不同县域基本公共服务水平,并利用2013年数据实证分析四川藏区基本公共服务对减贫的影响。[结果] 分析发现,四川藏区不同县域之间基本公共服务水平差异较大,在4大基本公共服务类别中,基础设施的差异性最大,在29个行政区划县中,石渠县、道孚县、茂县、色达县、新龙县的基本公共服务水平位列末端;基本公共服务水平和贫困发生率之间呈负相关关系,基本公共服务提升对减贫影响效果显著;目前四川藏区经济发展对减贫的带动效应并不显著。[结论] 藏区减贫需要外部援助,各级财政应加大对藏区基本公共服务投入,注重基本公共服务均等化,提升藏区贫困人口发展能力,增加藏区发展机会,通过外部扶持增强内生动力,确保藏区贫困人口2020年如期脱贫。

关键词: 藏区, 基本公共服务, 减贫, 熵值法, 评价体系

Abstract: [Objective] Analyze the effects that the basic public service in Tibetan areas of Sichuan province has on poverty alleviation. Provide countermeasures and suggestions for giving full play of the role of basic public services in poverty reduction in Tibetan areas of Sichuan province. [Method] From two dimensions of improving the development ability of the poor and reinforcing the regional development opportunities, this paper constructs an evaluation system of the basic public service levels, calculates the public service levels of different counties in Sichuan Tibetan areas through entropy valuation method, and makes use of the data of 2013 to analyze the effects that the basic public service in Tibetan areas of Sichuan has on poverty alleviation. [Results] Based on the analysis, we find that big differences exist in the levels of basic public service among various counties in Tibetan areas of Sichuan province. In the categories of the four basic public services, the differences of infrastructure are the largest. In the 29 counties, the levels of basic public service of Shiqu, Daofu, Mao, Seda, Xinlong are in the last place. The level of basic public service is in negative proportion to the poverty incidence. What's more, the improvement of basic public service has obvious influences on poverty alleviation. The economic development of Tibetan areas in Sichuan province doesn't bring obvious effects on poverty alleviation. [Conclusion] Poverty alleviation in Tibetan areas of Sichuan province is in need of external assistance, increasing inputs in basic public service from different tier's of financial support, promoting the equal basic public services, enhancing the development capability of the population in Tibetan regions by improving basic public service, reinforcing the development opportunities in poor regions, boosting interior motivation through exterior aid, ensuring that poor people in the Tibetan areas can get rid of poverty on time in 2020.

Key words: Tibetan areas, basic public services, poverty alleviation, entropy value method, evaluation system

中图分类号: 

  • F127.8