四川农业大学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (01): 24-28.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2016.01.005

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华山松和油松冠型结构对林窗式疏伐的响应

赵庆霞1,2, 包维楷1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院成都生物研究所生态恢复重点实验室, 成都 610041;
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-25 发布日期:2016-02-29
  • 作者简介:赵庆霞,博士研究生,研究方向是植物生理生态学,E-mail:ecolres@163.com。
  • 基金资助:
    十二五国家科技部科技支撑计划课题(2011BAC09B0402);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项"中国森林生态系统固碳现状、速率、机制和潜力课题"(XDA0505020407)

Crown Structure Responses of Pinus armandi and Pinus tabuliformis to Gap-model Thinning

ZHAO Qing-xia1,2, BAO Wei-kai1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Ecological Restoration, Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2015-12-25 Published:2016-02-29

摘要: [目的] 研究30a生华山松和油松混交人工林中,边界华山松和油松冠型结构对林窗式疏伐的响应。[方法] 评估华山松和油松偏冠程度、偏冠精度、冠长对小林窗(80m2)和中林窗(110m2)的响应。[结果] 中林窗边界华山松和油松偏冠率明显高于对照,偏冠方向与林窗中心连线方向显著相关。两个树种偏冠程度和精度没有显著差异。华山松和油松正对林窗中心一侧冠长明显高于对侧,冠长比均约为0.1。[结论] 华山松和油松具有相似的冠可塑性,林窗形成后,通过冠水平和垂直扩展,增加光获取,加速自身生长。

关键词: 偏冠, 冠长, 林窗大小, 边界木, 混交人工林

Abstract: [Objective] The purpose of this study was to explore crown structure responses of gapedged Pinus armandi and Pinus tabuliformis to gap-model thinning in a 30-year-old mixed pine plantation(P. armandi and P. tabuliformis). [Method] The influences of gap size(80 m2 and 110 m2) on magnitude and precision of crown displacement and crown length were assessed. [Results] The relative crown displacement of P. armandi and P. tabuliformis adjacent intermediate gaps were significantly higher than those in the control trees, crown displacement towards the gap centers. There were no significant differences in the magnitude and precision of crown displacement between two species. Crown length of both species were significantly greater on the gap-facing sides of trees than on the forest-facing sides of trees, with a crown length ratio of 0.1. [Conclusion] The results indicated that that P. armandi and P. tabuliformis had a similar crown plasticity. Moreover, the horizontal and vertical growth of crown has more accessory to light resource and increase their growth after gap creation.

Key words: crown displacement, crown length, gap size, gap-edge trees, mixed plantation

中图分类号: 

  • S753.7