四川农业大学学报 ›› 2015, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (04): 364-370.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2015.04.003

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闽东城乡古树危险度评估及保护措施——以闽侯县为例

朱志鹏1, 傅伟聪1, 陈梓茹1, 许春如2, 丁国昌3, 董建文1   

  1. 1. 福建农林大学艺术学院、园林学院(合署), 福州 350002;
    2. 福建省源野景观规划设计有限公司, 福州 350003;
    3. 福建农林大学林学院, 福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-12 出版日期:2015-12-31 发布日期:2017-02-28
  • 通讯作者: 董建文,教授,博导,博士,从事风景园林学研究,E-mail:fjdjw@126.com。 E-mail:fjdjw@126.com
  • 作者简介:朱志鹏,硕士研究生。
  • 基金资助:
    国家林业公益性行业科研专项"美丽城镇森林景观的构建技术研究与示范"(201404301);国家林业公益性行业科研专项"森林公园绿色名录与森林风景资源培育技术"(201404315)

Risk Degree Assessment of Ancient Trees and Protective Measures in Eastern Fujian Areas: An Case Study in Minhou County

ZHU Zhi-peng1, FU Wei-cong1, CHEN Zi-ru1, XU Chun-ru2, DING Guo-chang3, DONG Jian-wen1   

  1. 1. College of Arts and Landscape Architecture, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China;
    2. Source wild Landscape Planning Design Co., Ltd. in Fujian Province, Fuzhou 350003, China;
    3. College of Forestry, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, China
  • Received:2015-10-12 Online:2015-12-31 Published:2017-02-28

摘要: [目的] 更好地保护古树资源,提高古树健康等级。[方法] 结合VTA法和AHP法,对闽侯县古树生态指标、形态指标、病虫害表征指标、树内腐朽指标以及外部环境指标进行潜在危险度调查。[结果] ①样区古树含27科44属56种,以常绿乡土树种为主,国家1级62株,国家二级182株,国家三级898株;②古树潜在危险值较高的3个指标分别是:外部环境指标、生态指标、形态指标,潜在危险值较低的指标为:树干和根内腐朽指标、病虫害表征指标;③危险度指数最高的树种为柳杉,其次是:水松、榕树等。[结论] 不同树种,其潜在危险度各不同,保护过程中应针对不同指标类型,采取相应措施。

关键词: 闽侯地区, AHP分析法, VTA评估法, 名木古树, 危险度

Abstract: [Objective] The aim of the study was to better protect the ancient trees and to improve their health. [Method] According to the methods of VTA and AHP, the ecological and morphological indicators, pest external performance, trunk and root rot and external environment indicators of ancient trees were investigated in Minhou county. [Results] ① The ancient trees in this area include 27 families, 44 genera and 56 individuals. All of them were mainly evergreen and native trees. The number of national level of 1, 2 and 3 were 62, 192 and 898, respectively; ② The potentially high dangerous indicators were external environmental indicators, ecological indicators, and morphological index; The potentially low dangerous indicators were trunk and root rot index and pest external performance indicators; ③ The species with the highest risk was Cryptomeria, followed by Glyptostrobus, pensilis etc. [Conclusion] The rise magnitude was different for different ancient trees and appropriate protective measures should be used for protection of different trees.

Key words: Minhou county area, AHP, VTA, ancient trees, risk degree

中图分类号: 

  • S750