四川农业大学学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (03): 297-300.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2008.03.003

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    下一篇

农户的化肥使用行为研究——以四川省为例

李海霞, 任大廷, 冉瑞平   

  1. 四川农业大学 经济管理学院, 四川 雅安 625014
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-20 出版日期:2008-09-30 发布日期:2017-03-03
  • 作者简介:李海霞(1978~),女(蒙古族),内蒙古鄂尔多斯人,硕士研究生,主要从事土地资源管理、资源与环境经济管理等领域的研究。
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目资助项目(06XJY005)

The Study of Farmers' Chemical Fertilizer Using Behavior——A Case in Sichuan Province

LI Hai-xia, REN Da-ting, RAN Rui-ping   

  1. College of Economics and Management, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2008-03-20 Online:2008-09-30 Published:2017-03-03

摘要: 农户作为农业生产中的微观经济主体,他们的化肥使用行为是影响农业环境的主要因素。笔者选取四川省16个市(县)的320户农民进行抽样调查,通过分析指出:农户在化肥使用中存在氮、磷肥使用量过大,肥料之间配比结构不合理、施用方式不科学等问题,以致对农业环境造成严重破坏。研究认为,人均年收入、农户文化水平、农技推广等是影响农户化肥使用行为的深层原因,据此提出了相应的对策建议。

关键词: 农户, 化肥使用行为, 环保政策

Abstract: As the principal microeconomic entity of agricultural production,the farmer's chemical fertilizer using behavior is the main factor affecting the agricultural environment.Through a sampling survey of 16 regions (320 farmer households) in Sichuan,the results are as follows: dosages of nitrogenous fertilizer and phosphorus fertilizer are used excessively;the structure of fertilizer distribution is not proportional;and the methods of using fertilizer are unscientific etc.Thus,the agricultural environment has been destroyed seriously.Based on the survey,the main factors influencing the farmers' chemical fertilizer using behavior are probed into,such as the Per capita annual income,the educational level and the application of agricultural techniques.Finally,some recommendations for fertilization and environment protection are put forward.

Key words: farmers, fertilizer using behavior, environment-protecting policy

中图分类号: 

  • X-57