四川农业大学学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (03): 241-244,257.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2008.03.001

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

亚高山树线复合群落优势种的光合特性比较

张力1, 胡庭兴1, 张远彬2, 鲜骏仁1, 王开运2,3, 徐振锋1   

  1. 1. 四川农业大学 林学园艺学院, 四川 雅安 625014;
    2. 中国科学院成都生物研究所, 成都 610041;
    3. 华东师范大学 上海市城市化生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室, 上海 200062
  • 收稿日期:2008-03-03 出版日期:2008-09-30 发布日期:2017-03-03
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金重大项目(90511008,902020100);中芬国际合作项目(30211130504);上海城市化生态过程与生态恢复重点实验室开放基金(20070010)

Photosynthetic Performances of Dominant Plants in Subalpine Timberline Compound Community

ZHANG li1, HU Ting-xing1, ZHANG Yuan-bin2, XIAN Jun-ren1, WANG Kai-yun2,3, XU Zhen-feng1   

  1. 1. College of Forestry and Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China;
    2. Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Urbanization and Ecological Restoration of Shanghai City, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
  • Received:2008-03-03 Online:2008-09-30 Published:2017-03-03

摘要: 选取亚高山树线复合群优势植物糙皮桦(Betula utilis)、高山杜鹃(Rhododendron asferochnoum)、牛头柳(Salix dissa)、糙野青茅(Deyeuxia scabrescens)和甘肃苔草(Carex kansuensis),对比其光响应曲线、CO2响应曲线以及光合速率与光合氮利用效率的关系。结果表明:糙皮桦的最大净光合速率、表观量子效率、暗呼吸速率、光补偿点、羧化效率均最大,甘肃苔草均最小;牛头柳的光呼吸速率、甘肃苔草CO2补偿点和糙野青茅的光饱和点最高。5种叶氮含量差异不显著。糙皮桦、高山杜鹃和牛头柳的比叶重显著大于糙野青茅和甘肃苔草。糙皮桦和糙野青茅的光合氮利用效率和光合速率较同类型植物高。

关键词: 亚高山, 林线, 复合群落, 优势种, 光合特性

Abstract: The photosynthetic characteristics of five dominant plants in subalpine timberline compound community (Betula utilis,Rhododendron asferochnoum,Salix,Deyeuxia scabrescens and Carex kansuensis) were studied and compared with interspecies.The response of net photosynthesis rate (Pmax) to intercellular CO2 concentrations (Ci) and photon active radiation (PAR) was determined by LI-6400 photosynthesis system.The results showed that: Betula utilis has highest Pmax,AQY,Rd,LCP and CE. Carex kansuensis had highest Rp,Salix dissa highest Г and Deyeuxia scabrescens highest LSP.The difference of leaf nitrogen content (Nmass) is not significant.The difference of leaf mass per area (LMA) between Betula util,Rhododendron asferochnoum,Salix and Deyeuxia scabrescens,Carex kansuensis is significant.Betula utilis and Deyeuxia scabrescens had higher PNUE and Pmax than other types of plants.

Key words: subalpine, timberline, dominant plant, compound community, photosynthetic performances

中图分类号: 

  • S718.43