四川农业大学学报 ›› 2004, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (04): 349-352,385.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.2004.04.013

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几种食用菌对植物病原菌的拮抗作用初探

柯野1,2, 张小平1, 谭伟3, 郑林用3   

  1. 1. 四川农业大学 资源环境学院, 四川 雅安 625014;
    2. 广东省韶关学院 生物工程系, 广东 韶关 512005;
    3. 四川省农业科学院 土壤肥料研究所, 四川 成都 610066
  • 收稿日期:2004-09-23 出版日期:2004-12-31 发布日期:2017-03-04
  • 基金资助:
    国家"十五"科技攻关项目"攀西地区特色生物资源综合开发与示范(2001BA901A40)"的部分内容

Studies on the Antagonism of Some Edible Fungus against Some Fungous Plant Pathogens

KE Ye1,2, ZHANG Xiao-ping1, TAN Wei3, ZHENG Lin-yong3   

  1. 1. College of Resource and Environment, Sichuan Agricultural University, Yaan 625014, Sichuan, China;
    2. Department of Bioengineering, Shaoguan University, Shaoguan 512005, Guangdong, China;
    3. Soil and Fertilizer Research Institue, Sichuan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Chengdu 610066, China
  • Received:2004-09-23 Online:2004-12-31 Published:2017-03-04

摘要: 将食用菌长根菇(O. radiacate)、黄背木耳(A. fuscosucciuea)、平菇(P. ostreatus)、黑木耳(A. auricular)、香菇(L. edodes)、姬松茸(A. blazei)、草菇(V. volvacea)、蘑菇(A. bisporus)、茯苓(P. cocos)和赤芝(G. lucidum)与植物病原菌玉米小斑病菌(B. maydis)、稻瘟病菌(P. grisea)、核盘菌(S. sclerotiorum)、禾谷镰刀菌(F. graminearum)、串珠镰刀菌(F. moniliforme)和立枯丝核菌(R. solani)之间进行拮抗培养。试验结果表明,长根菇、黄背木耳、平菇和黑木耳对稻瘟病菌有很强的拮抗作用;长根菇和黄背木耳对玉米小斑病菌也有很强的拮抗作用。在此基础上,通过菌丝间的相互作用、对扣试验发现对植物病原菌没有抑制作用;而长根菇的PDB发酵液对玉米小斑病菌菌丝生长有极显著抑制作用。

关键词: 食用菌, 植物病原菌, 拮抗作用

Abstract: The antagonistic test were done between some edible fungus(O. radiacate, A. fuscosucciuea, P. ostreatus, A. auricular, L. edodes, A. blaze, V. volvacea, A. bisporus, P. coco and G. lucidum) and some fungous plant pathogens(B. maydis, P. grisea, S. sclerotiorum, F. graminearum, F. moniliforme and R. solan). The results show that O. radiacate, A. fuscosucciuea, P. ostreatus and A. auricular have a strong antagonism against P. grisea. And O. radiacate and A. fuscosucciuea have a strong antagonism against B. maydis too. Furthermore, there are not inhibiting effects on the plant pathogens by the survey of mycelial interaction and enclosed chamber test, while the mycelial growth of B. maydis is strongly inhibited by the PDB fermented culture broth of O. radiacate.

Key words: edible fungus, plant pathogens, antagonism

中图分类号: 

  • S464.01