ZANTHOXYTUM BUNGEAMUM,NITROGEN,PHOSPHORUS,POTASSIUM,"/> 汉源县花椒的土壤理化特性与产量关系的初步研究

四川农业大学学报 ›› 1987, Vol. 5 ›› Issue (04): 297-304.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.1987.04.006

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汉源县花椒的土壤理化特性与产量关系的初步研究

陈明玉1, 李涛2, 刘勇3   

  1. 1. 四川农业大学农化系;
    2. 四川省国土局;
    3. 汉源县农业局
  • 收稿日期:1987-05-23 出版日期:1987-12-31 发布日期:2017-04-22

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN YIELD OF HANYUAN PRICKLY ASH (ZANTHOXYTUM BUNGEAMUM) AND PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF SOIL

Chen Mingyu1, et al2   

  1. Sichuan Agricultural University, Ya'an, Sichuan, China
  • Received:1987-05-23 Online:1987-12-31 Published:2017-04-22

摘要: 汉源花椒主要生长在黄棕壤地带内,以棕色石灰土花椒产量最高,白浆化黄棕壤最低。花椒生长的土壤类型间在有机质、全氮、全磷、有效锌和石砾含量等方面的差异达极显著水准;碱解氮、有效磷、有效钾的差异达显著水准;全钾、有效锰、有效铁、有效钼无显著差异;有效硼含量均低。

关键词: 花椒, 氮, 磷,

Abstract: Most of Prickly ash grow on yellow brown earth in Hanyuan area. The yield on brown calcareous soil is high while that on albic horizon yellow brown earth is low. It is found that yield of prickly ash growing on different soil types is significantly different (t=5.777**). The relation of its yield with organic matter (r=0.9274**), and effective boron (r=0.7058*) is in significantly positive correlation (as F=49.148**, F=24.807**) respectively. A gravel content of 36.50-37.45% provides good physical property. Among organic matter, total nirogen, effective phosphorous and potassium, organic matter contributes greatly to the yield. In trace elements effective zinc, iron and bornn are more important. Therefore, raising organic matter and effective boron level would bring about good quality and bumper harvest of prickly ash.

Key words: ZANTHOXYTUM BUNGEAMUM')">ZANTHOXYTUM BUNGEAMUM, NITROGEN, PHOSPHORUS, POTASSIUM