四川农业大学学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 1 ›› Issue (01): 99-108.doi: 10.16036/j.issn.1000-2650.1983.01.015

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四川麻鸭鸭瘟的调查研究

廖德惠, 张敏, 张化贤, 谢镜怀, 何明清, 肖国海   

  1. 四川农学院牧医系
  • 出版日期:1983-03-31 发布日期:2017-03-11

STUDIES ON DUCK PLAGUE IN SICHUAN

Liao Dehui, Zhang Min, Zhang Huaxian, Xie Jinghuai, He Mingqing, Xiao Guohai   

  1. Sichuan Agricultural college
  • Online:1983-03-31 Published:2017-03-11

摘要: 1923年,Baudet氏在荷兰首次报道本病流行。1942年,Bos氏建议称本病为鸭瘟。1949年,由Jansen和Kunst氏在十四届国际兽医学会上建议采用鸭瘟为法定名称。1967年,本病在美国东海岸流行,称为鸭病毒性肠炎。其后,相继发现于比利时、印度、法国、英国和加拿大等国家。
1957年,我国广东首次提出发生本病的正式报道。其后,我国南部、中部和东部一些地区也都有发现,但四川尚未见本病的报道。1972年以来,我省个别地区曾有疑似本病发生,有的被误诊为鸭巴民杆菌病。1979年3月,xx县发生鸭病流行,造成大量种鸭死亡。为了确诊,搞清病因,采取有效措施以控制本病流行,我们进行了流行病学、临床症状、病理学、微生物学以及聚肌胞防治本病的研究。

Abstract: From March to May in 1979, outbreaks of a disease which occurred in breeder ducks in several people's communes in sichuan were observed and the mortality was over 80%. The conclusive diagnosis as duck plague was made from epizootiologic investigation, clinical observation, necropsy finding and isolation and identification of the virus.
The disease is an acute contagious infection of ducks that is characterized by vascular damage with tissue hemorrhage, enanthematous digestive mucosal lesions, lesions of lymphoid organs, and retrograde change of parenchymatous organs, on the basis of histopathologic findings, the lesions of duck plague are noninflammatory and degenerative in character.
Polyi: C was a polymer of the polyinosinic acid and polycytidylic acid. That was found to be effective in preventing and treating experimentally infected ducks inoculated with a suspension of the lesion material from infected ducks.